Women responsive agricultural system: approaches and practices appropriate for smallholder farmers in Nepal
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September 2022


The study reveals that women are playing key roles in different aspects of farm management including seed selection, collection and management; animal husbandry and plantations; harvesting and storage; and processing and cooking. However, in the context of male out-migration and climate change, women’s role has been transformed drastically due to increased workload as well as manifestation of new conditions brought forward by climate change. Furthermore, women are increasingly losing their control over assets and resources. For example, the seed supplies through agro-vets are creating dependency and, loss of traditional knowledge over seeds and technologies which is also associated with the loss of crop diversity on farm and decreasing number of livestock. They have limited access and opportunities to take part and contribute in the research and extension processes such as varietal development, selection and mechanization etc.