ISBN: 978-953-51-0847-4, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/50608.
This paper (a) reviews an observed and perceived climate change in Nepal, (b) discusses impacts of climate change on ecosystems, biodiversity, agriculture and human wellbeing, and (c) offers, by drawing upon experiences of an NGO, Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD), some community-based mitigation and adaptation techniques for curbing challenges resulting from climate change. The local level examples shared in this paper can be useful for other countries that share similar threats and sociocultural and political challenges. People in other developing world can adopt the local technologies promoted by LI-BIRD in Nepal.
In the next section, we will provide background of Nepal, a Himalayan country that is sandwiched between two giants, India and China. Following that section, we present evidence of climate change, both observed and perceived, which is followed by impacts caused by climate change. Then we introduce an integrated climate adaptation model and some case studies drawn from LI-BIRD experience. Finally, we discuss the findings and provide some suggestions for the future.