This report presents findings of the case study of the impact of two initiatives implemented over recent past on local livelihoods in Rupa Lake watershed area, Nepal in the context of ‘Climate Change, Ecosystem and Livelihood (CEL)’ nexus, and assess the suitability of Rupa watershed experience for replication more widely. The CEL programme is a major initiative led by UNEP-International Ecosystem Management Partnership (UNEP-IEMP) and supported by China and other developing countries to promote long-term South-South Cooperation. The programme aims to assist the developing countries in delivering the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and climate targets while protecting the ecosystems and improving rural livelihoods. Nepal is one of the three countries/sites selected for the case study. The other countries/sites include Southeast Asia and Southwest China.