Farmer and Researcher Contributions to the Selection of Landraces of Ghaiya (Upland Rice) for Tar areas of Nepal

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May 2010


At least 9 % of the toal rice area in Nepal is planted to ghaiya. This crop plays a significant role in the household food security of subsistence farmers where the possibility of irrigation facilities or of a more profitable alternative crop is unlikely in the foreseeable future. Despite its importance to specific farming communities and condition in Nepal, very few studies have been done on the indigenous knowledge, status and potential of ghaiya genetic resources. This study seeks to partly address this gap by documenting farmers’ knowledge of the genetic diversity of ghaiya at the village and household level and by involving farmers in the identification of landraces potentially useful in tar areas of Nepal.