Case studies of seed production and marketing through farmers’ groups in Nepal

May 2003


Seed is the backbone of agriculture because seed quality is one of the key contributors to crop productivity and food production. In the context of agricultural development, a major concern is that good quality seed of improved varieties are not always readily available to farmers. More than 90% of the seed requirement of Nepal is fulfilled by farmer networks or an informal seed supply system (Shrestha, 1996; Baniya et al. 2000). Less that 10% of the country’s seed requirements are supplied by the Agriculture Input Corporation (AIC), District Agriculture Development Office (DADO), National Agriculture Research Systems (NARS), agricultural farms and other agencies.