The role of community seed banks in achieving farmers’ rights
Authors: Ronnie Vernooy, Teshome Hunduma Mulesa, Arnab Gupta, Jahangir Alam Jony, Kouablan Edmond Koffi, Hilton Mbozi, P.B. Singh, Pitambar Shrestha, Thabo T. Tjikana, C.L.K. Wakkumbure
The core objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) are the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources. The ITPGRFA links these goals explicitly to farmers’ rights. Although farmers’ rights have been debated intensely at international level, their effective implementation at national level remains a major challenge. Community seed banks are good examples of effective implementation of those rights, but have received little attention in scientific literature and policy circles. Case studies in this article from
Bangladesh, Côte d’Ivoire, India and Zimbabwe illustrate how this knowledge gap can be filled.