Climate-Smart Villages in Nepal: Baseline Report
Authors: Laxmi Devi Adhikari, BIkash Paudel, Prameela Awale, Santosh Rasaily, Deny Kumar Shrestha, Aastha Bhusal
Climate-Smart Village (CSV) project is being implemented by Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD) funded by Consultative Group for International Agriculture Research (CGIAR) program on “Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security” (CCAFS), and co-financed by farmers’ groups and individual farmers. The project targets to pilot different models of CSVs in different agro-ecological conditions and develop local level evidences for detailed implementation guideline for scaling out CSV models in Nepal. The designing and implementation of CSV starts with the baseline assessment of climate risks, existing crops and cropping patterns, current level of sensitivity to climatic hazards, level of adaptive capacity of villages and assessing potential for scaling out various climate smart technologies. In addition to collecting baseline information for designing and implementing CSVs, the baseline assessment is also required for measuring the success, outcomes and impact of CSV project at the end of the project. Thus, this study has been carried out in five districts namely Dang, Bardiya, Nawalparasi, Mahottari and Gorkha where interventions of CSV are being implemented.
This baseline report is organized into five sections. Following the first introductory section, section two imparts idea on baseline survey methodology, sample selection processes and data analysis. Section three is about baseline findings from secondary sources and focus group discussion. Section four summarizes key findings from household level survey. Finally, section five presents overall conclusion and recommendations of the baseline survey.