Climate-smart agriculture: learning from three agro-ecological regions of Nepal
Authors: Keshab Thapa, Kiran Prasad Bhatta, Bhawana Bhattarai, Karma Dolma Gurung
Nepal’s agriculture sector, which accounts for around three-quarters of employment and one-quarter of the country’s gross domestic product,
is strongly affected by current climate variability, uncertainty and extremes. Many farmers operate at small scales, with 26.69% having less
than 0.2 hectares (ha)1 and 47.31% with less than 0.5 ha.2 Large numbers of these farmers are already poor and extremely vulnerable to climate
change. The impacts on agriculture are more pronounced among women and smallholders, who have poor access to natural resources and public
services, and limited livelihood options. Such producers are highly exposed and sensitive to climatic threats, such as droughts, floods, soil
erosion, landslides, pest outbreaks, and heat and cold waves.