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SFF/Economic Response to COVID 19



COVID 19 pandemic has affected livelihood of all human being. Some of the impacts caused by COVID 19 are loss of jobs, wages, reduction in income, increased food and nutrition insecurity, and partial or full closures of businesses/enterprises. The study of WFP, 2020 showed that COVID 19 crisis has already affected people’s livelihood in Nepal, with 1 out of 10 households reporting a loss of livelihood and 3 out of 10 households a reduction in income. The loss of income was found to be more common among households whose livelihoods were dependent on daily wage laborers, migrant workers, and households with a disabled person. Similarly, food and nutrition insecurity was more common among households whose main income source was daily wage laborers and had less diversified livelihood strategies. According to World Food Program, 2020 Province 5, Karnali and Sudurpaschim Province are the most affected, with the highest reported loss of and reduction in income. These are also the regions where traditionally out-migration rate is high, as a result, the local economy is heavily dependent on remittance. Approximately 29% of these migrant workers have reported either loss of job, reduced wage or are on forced unpaid leave (ILO, 2020). The implication is that as the labor migrants lose their employment abroad in the context of the COVID 19, remittance flows declined rapidly and large numbers of unskilled labor migrants are re-entered into the local economy which was under strain due to frequent lock down in the country. While the influx of returnee migrants are bound to exert additional pressure on the limited available resources. So, the basic idea behind this project is returnee migrants also represent an important economic workforce, if they are provided with appropriate skills and resources to successfully reintegrate into the local economy.

This project is supporting 2500 returnee migrants and vulnerable members of host communities in becoming economically active in the municipalities of Province 5 (Butwal, Ghorahi and Nepalgunj), Karnali Province (Birendranagar), and Sudurpaschim Province (Dhangadhi). Enhancing food and nutrition security through family farming and integration of returnee migrants into the local economy through skills development are the two main objectives of this project. The project is managed by LI-BIRD in partnership with LIBIRD Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Anamolbiu Pvt. Ltd., Nabil Bank Ltd, Alliance Nepal and local partners in each of the five municipalities. Seto Gurans Child Development Services, Rupandehi, Sahakarmi Samaj, Dang, Janajagaran Samaj, Banke, Sundar Nepal, Surkhet and Youth Acting for Change Nepal, Dhangadhi are the partner organizations in Butwal Sub-Metropolitan city, Ghorahi Sub-Metropolitan city, Nepalgunj Sub-Metropolitan city, Birendranagar municipality and Dhangadhi Sub-Metropolitan city respectively. This project is working closely with GDC’s LPED project and Municipal Governments.

The activities are under two axis. The objective of axis 1 is to enhance food, nutrition and income security through family farming. Family farming using kitchen/home garden and clay pot/sack farming approach not only help beneficiaries to diversify their homestead food production system, but also help improve household dietary diversity, increase income through sale of surplus products and contribute to building resilience and economic empowerment of poor and women. Availability of nutritious foods for the family is also key to fight against COVID 19. Axis 2 comprises of transferring the demanded and feasible TEVT certified short courses (approximately a month long elementary courses) among target beneficiaries through providing short courses combined with business literacy, business plan preparation and providing auxiliary services so that the participants feel confident to find jobs locally or start and sustain their own enterprises. 

Project Details
Countries: Nepal
Working districts: Rupandehi, Dang, Banke, Surkhet, Kailali
Project Duration: 2020 - 2021
Partners: Janajagaran Samaj, Banke, Sahakarmi Samaj, Dang, Seto Gurans Child Development Service, Rupandehi, Sundar Nepal, Surkhet, Youth Acting for Change Nepal, Kailali
Funded by: GIZ
Contact Person: Januka Dahal