Mainstreaming Home Garden Approach in Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme (MSFP) for Improving Livelihoods and Resilience of Disadvantaged Households

Home garden is a land use system around homestead, where traditional and improved varieties of vegetables, fruits, fodder, spices, ornamental plants, fish, poultry and livestock are maintained by the household members and the products thus generated are primarily intended for family consumption. Cooperation (SDC) has been supporting the promotion of home gardens in Nepal since 2002 in different phases (first phase: 2002-2005; second phase: 2006-2008; third phase: 2009-2013) covering 16 districts in different physiographic and development regions of Nepal. External reviews (2005; 2008 and 2012) of the home garden project have validated that home garden interventions at household level have been highly successful in reaching and improving family nutrition status of Disadvantaged Groups (DAGs) through diversifying their dietary sources. Home garden interventions are also found successful in reducing economic vulnerability through the sale of surplus products and reducing expenditure for vegetables and fruits. External review (2012) also highlighted household's resilience to climate change impacts owing to diverse portfolio of home garden species that are adapted to biotic and abiotic factors.

Multi stakeholder Forestry Programme (MSFP) is a jointly funded project by the Government of Finland (GoF), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC, and UK Department for International Development (DFID). The programme aims to improve livelihoods and resilience of poor and disadvantaged people in Nepal. It will also develop the contribution of Nepal’s forestry sector to inclusive economic growth, poverty reduction, and tackling climate change. In January 2012, the Government of Nepal and three donors signed a joint funding agreement to implement MSFP for the first four years as an initial phase. During the initial phase, the programme is implementing activities in 23 focused districts and a few other additional districts focusing rural communities of Nepal, especially poor and disadvantaged households, and those most vulnerable to climate change. 
In the context of MSFP, home garden has been found to keep potential to complement achieving the anticipated goal of MSFP. Therefore MSFP Service Support Unit (MSFP-SSU) has agreed to initiate a pilot project 'Mainstreaming Home Garden Approach in Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme (MSFP) for Improving Livelihoods and Resilience of Disadvantaged Households'. The project intends to contribute the MSFP goal by improving nutritional and economic status of climate vulnerable disadvantaged households from local forest user groups through integrated home garden management. Besides it will enhance capacity of MSFP Implementing Agency (IA) to integrate home garden into their regular livelihood improvement programme so that the IA could internalize and manage the intervention by its own in future.

The project is being implemented in 'Kapilvastu Cluster' of MSFP which is one of the six clusters of MSFP that includes three districts namely Nawalparasi, Rupandehi and Kapilvastu and managed by Resource Identification and Management Society Nepal (RIMS Nepal). The duration of this pilot project is November 2013 to October 2014. Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD) is leading and RIMS Nepal is helping the intervention as implementation partner.

Project Details
Countries: Nepal
Working districts: Kapilvastu, Rupandehi, Nawalparasi
Project Duration: 2013 - 2014
Partners: Resource Identification and Management Society Nepal (RIMS Nepal).
Funded by: Multistakeholder Forestry Programme - Service Support Unit
Contact Person: Roshan Pudasaini