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Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD) is a non-profit making, non-governmental organization established in 1995 in Pokhara, Nepal. LI-BIRD is registered with the District Administrative Office of Kaski(Regd. No. 217/025/053) and affiliated with the Social Welfare Council (Regd. No. 3394).

LI-BIRD's 20 Years of Research & Development.

Posted on: 9/29/2014

अनुसन्धान र विकासमा ली–बर्डको २० बर्ष

;f]daf/  !# c;f]h, @)&! . :j:y dflg;, vfB ;'/lIft ;dfh, cfTd;Ddfghgs hLjg:t/sf] kl/sNkgf ub}{ h}ljs ljljwtf, cg';Gwfg tyf ljsf;sf nflu :yfgLo kxn -nL–a8{_ n] @)&! c;f]h !# ut], kf]]v/fdf cfkm\gf] @)cf}+ aflif{sf]T;j dgfpFb}  5 . ;f] cj;/df ;+:yfsf] ;fwf/0f ;ef / ;fdflhs n]vfhf]vf -Social Audit_ sfo{qmd xF'b}5 . lj=;+= @)%@ ;fndf sf:sL lhNnfdf u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfsf] ?kdf :yfkgf eO{ b]zsf ljleGg ef}uf]lns If]qdf sfo{/t nL–a8{ @) jif{;Dd cfO{k'Ubf o;sf] sfo{If]q g]kfn / blIf0f Plzof, clk|msf / dWo tyf blIf0f cd]l/sL b]zx?df ;d]t lj:tf/ e};s]sf] 5 . o; qmddf nL–a8{n] sfo{qmdx?sf] a[xt k|efjsfl/tfsf nflu ax';/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fusf] ;dGjonfO{  k|fyldstf lbPsf] 5 . ;xeflutfd"ns cg';Gwfg / ljsf;sf k4ltx? ckgfO{ k|fs[lts ;|f]tx?sf] lbuf] Joj:yfkg ub}{ u|fdL0f e]udf a;f]jf; ug]{ ul/j tyf l;dfGts[t s[ifs ;d'bfo, ljz]if u/L dlxnfx?sf] lhljsf]kfh{gdf ;'wf/sf nflu of]ubfg k'¥Øfpg' nL–a8{sf] nIo /x]sf] 5 .
 
nL–a8{n] ljleGg ;fem]bf/ ;ª\3–;+:yfx?;Fusf] ;xsfo{df xfn;Dddf !(@ j6f kl/of]hgfx? ;DkGg ul/;s]sf] 5 . xfn nL–a8{åf/f ;~rflnt ljleGg kl/of]hgfx? …lhljsf]kfh{g ;'/Iffsf nflu s[lif cGj]if0fÚ, …lbuf] lhljsf]kfh{gsf nflu h}ljs ljljwtf tyf kof{j/0fLo ;]jfÚ / …hnjfo' kl/jt{gdf ;fd'bflos ;dfg's"ngÚ h:tf /0fgLlts sfo{qmdx?;Fu ;DalGwt 5g\  . …;dfj]zL k|efjsf nflu ;fdflhs cg';Gwfg tyf gLlt k}/jLÚ, …n}+ lËs ;dtf tyf ;fdflhs ;dfj]zLs/0fÚ / …j[xt k|efjsf nflu 1fg Joj:yfkg tyf Ifdtf clej[l4Ú oL sfo{qmdx?sf cleGg kf6fx? x'g\  .


dfly pNn]lvt sfo{qmdx? sfof{Gjog ugf{sf nflu ut cfly{s jif{ -lj=;+= @)&)÷&!_ df nL–a8{af6 ;~rflnt ljleGg kl/of]hgfx? dfkm{t\  #^& hgf sd{rf/Lx?n] /f]huf/L kfPsf 5g\  . h;dWo] !*! hgf k"0f{sfnLg sd{rf/L -nL–a8{af6 k|ToIf !!% / nL–a8{åf/f ;~rflnt kl/of]hgfdf ;fem]bf/ u}/;/sf/L ;+:Yffx? dfkm{t ^^_ / !*^ hgf cf+lzs sd{rf/L -nL–a8{af6 k|ToIf !!) / nL–a8{ åf/f ;~rflnt kl/of]hgfdf ;fem]bf/ u}/;/sf/L ;+:Yff dfkm{t &^_ lyP .

nL–a8{sf k|d'v ;fem]bf/ ;ª\3–;+:yfx?df :yfgLo :t/df s[ifs ;d'x, ;fd'bflos ag pkef]Qmf ;d'x, s[ifs ;xsf/L, h}ljs ljljwtf ;dGjo ;ldlt / ufpF  ljsf; ;ldlt tyf s[lif, ag tyf jftfj/0f ;ldltx?, lhNnf :t/df lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt, lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no, lhNnf kz';]jf sfof{no, lhNnf jg sfof{no, lhNnf e"–;+/If0f sfof{no, pBf]u afl0fHo ;ª\3 / gu/kflnsfx? / /fli6«o :t/df s[lif ljefu, s[lif ljsf; dGqfno, kz' ;]jf ljefu, jg tyf e"–;+/If0f dGqfno, lj1fg, k|ljlw tyf jftfj/0f dGqfno, cy{ dGqfno, g]kfn s[lif cg';Gwfg kl/ifb\ , s[lif tyf jg ljZjljBfno, lqe'jg ljZjljBfno, kf]v/f ljZjljBfno / dftxtsf lgsfox? /x]sf 5g\  .

nL–a8{{n] ut cfly{s jif{df ljleGg /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o lgsfox?af6 ;xof]u k|fKt !( s/f]8 %& nfv ?k}+of / afFsL df}Hbft -cf=j= @)^(÷&)_ sf] % s/f]8 %# nfv ?k}+of u/L hDdf @% s/f]8 !) nfv ?k}+ofdf @@ s/f]8 &! nfv ?k}+of vr{ u/]sf] 5 . h;dWo] Joj:yfkg tkm{  ^ s/f]8 ?k}+of / sfo{qmd tkm{ @@ s/f]8 &! nfv ?k}+of vr{ ePsf] 5 . g]kfn ;/sf/sf] cfos/ P]g cg';f/ x/]s aif{ nL–a8{n] s/ sfo{no, sf:sLdf ljleGg lzif{sdf s/ ltb}{ cfPsf] 5 . h; cGtu{t ut cfly{s jif{df nL–a8{n] %( nfv @) xhf/ # ;o @# ?k}+of s/ lt/]sf] 5 .

 

nL–a8{nfO{ cfly{s ;xof]u k|bfg ug]{ bft[  lgsfox?df d"ntM lkmgNof08 ;/sf/, ljsf; sf]if gj]{ (The Development Fund), a]nfot ;/sf/sf] cGt/f{li6«o ljsf; ljefu (DFID), afof]el;{6L OG6/g]zgn (Bioversity International), s[lif ljsf;sf nflu cGt/f{li6«o sf]if (IFAD), cGt/f{li6«o ljsf; cg';Gwfg s]Gb|  (IDRC), :jL; ;/sf/ ljsf; ;xof]u (SDC), ljZj jftfj/0f sf]if (GEF), Sofg8f ;/sf/sf] k//fi6«  dfdnf, Jofkf/ / ljsf; ljefu (DFATD), cGt/f{li6« o ljsf;sf nflu cd]l/sL ;+:yf (USAID), cGt/f{li6«o uxF' tyf ds} afnL cg';Gwfg sfo{qmd (CIMMYT), CDI g]b/Nof08 , UNEP sf]l/of / MISEREOR hd{gL kb{5g\ .

 

nL–a8{åf/f xfn ;~rfngdf /x]sf kl/of]hgfdf ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t h}ljs ljljwtf Joj:yfkg, x'Dnf ljsf; kxn, sd cg';Gwfg / k|of]udf cfPsf afnLx?sf] cg';Gwfg, jx';/f]sf/jfnf jg sfo{qmd, kz'kfng tyf hLljsf]kfh{g, cfn' ljsf; / vfB ;'/Iff, hnjfo' kl/jt{g, k|sf]k tyf hf]lvd lgoGq0f, ;+/If0f s[lif, :yfgLo cGj]if0f k|j4{g, a]ugf; tfn ?kftfn hnfwf/ ;+/If0f h:tf #! j6f kl/of]hgfx? g]kfnsf @( lhNnfx?df ;~rflnt 5g\  . ;fy} yk !) lhNnfdf nL–a8{{n] cfˆgf sfo{qmdx? ;fem]bf/ ;+:yfx?;Fu ;dGjo u/]/ ;~rfng ul//x]sf] 5 . nL–a8{{sf] g]t[Tjdf …;d'bfodf cfwfl/t h}ljs ljljwtf Joj:yfkg kl/of]hgfÚ g]kfn nufot ef/t, a+unfb]z / >Ln+sfdf ;~rflnt 5g\  eg] …;d'bfodf cfwfl/t h}ljs ljljwtf Joj:yfkg / ;dfg's'ngÚ kl/of]hgf blIf0f cd]l/sfsf] a|flhn / dWo cd]l/sfsf] OSj]8f]/, lgsf/fu'jf / Ujf6]dfnf, clk|msfsf] a]gLg, Olyof]lkof, dnfjL, hfDaLof, lhDafAj]df / lbuf] hLljsf]kfh{g tyf hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's"ngsf nflu :yfgLo cGj]if0f k/LIf0f sfo{qmd g]kfn ;lxt ef/t / sDaf]l8ofdf ToxfFsf :yfgLo ;fem]bf/ ;+:yfx?;Fusf] ;dGjodf ;~rflnt 5 .

nL–a8{n] xfl;n u/]sf 1fg, cGj]if0f u/]sf k|ljlw, c;n cEof; / l;sfOx? Aofks ?kdf o;sf nlIft ;d"x, ;fem]bf/, cg';Gwfgstf{ / laBfyL{x?;Dd k'¥ofpg] p2]Zosf ;fy lj=;+= @)%* ;fn c;f]hb]lv nL–a8{n] cfkm\g} /]l8of] sfo{qmd  …nL–a8{sf] rf}tf/LÚ ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 .  of] sfo{qmd g]kfnsf ljleGg !% j6f PkmPd /]l8of] :6];gx?af6 k|To]s z'qmaf/ a]n'sL &M!% df Ps};fy k|;f/0f x'g] ub{5 . !% ldg]6 ;dofjlwsf] o; /]l8of] sfo{qmddf s[lif, h}ljs ljljwtf / hnjfo' kl/jt{g ljifodf ljleGg lkmr/, ;dfrf/, syf, ;fdflhs ;r]tgf km}nfpg] ;Gb]z, c;n cEof; tyf r]tgfd"ns gf6sx? cflb k|;f/0f x'Fb} cfPsf 5g\  .
 
cfˆgf] nIodf k'Ugsf nflu nL–a8{n] ljutdf xfl;n u/]sf s]xL pNn]vgLo pknAwL tyf l;sfOx? o;k| sf/ /x]sf 5g\ M

!= ;xeflutfd"ns afnL ;'wf/sf k4ltaf6 nL–a8{n] xfn;Dd % j6f wfgsf hftx? -;'wfl/Psf] kf]v/]nL h]7f]a'9f], aif]{ #))$, ;'gf}nf] ;'uGwf, aif]{ @)!$ / aif]{ !)@&_ tyf @ j6f ds}sf hftx? -/];'ª\ uf sDkf]lh6 / u'NdL @_ g]kfn ;/sf/ dfkm{t\  pGdf]rg tyf btf{ x'g ;kmn ePsf 5g\  . ;fy} @)&)÷&! df wfgsf # j6f hftx? -la/Dkm'n #, srf]jf{ $ / cgdf]n dG;'nL_ btf{sf nflu k|:tfjx? /fli6«o aLpljhg pGdf]rg ;ldltdf k]z ul/Psf] 5 . o; k4ltdf s[ifs, a}1flgs tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] ;lqmo ;xeflutfnfO{ ljz]if hf]8 lbPsf] x'G5 . ;+;f/df o; k4ltsf] k|of]uaf6 afnL ;'wf/ ug{ sl6a4 u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx? lgs}g} sd ;+Vofdf kfpg ;lsG5 .

@= ;LdfGts[t 3/ kl/jf/sf ;b:ox?sf] kf]if0f ljljwtf a9fpg ckgfO{Psf] 3/au}+rfsf] Plss[t Joj:yfkg k4ltnfO{ g]kfn ;/sf/n] cfkm\gf] s[lif ljsf; sfo{qmddf ;dfj]z u/]sf] 5 . ;fy} b'O{ jif{b]lv ;~rfngdf cfPsf] jx';/f]sf/jfnf jg sfo{qmddf klg 3/ju}+rf k4ltnfO{ ;dfof]hg u/L ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf ;d'x?x?sf] ag Joa:yfkg sfo{qmddf l;dfGts[t s[ifsx?sf] e'ldsfnfO{ ;an jgfpg ;xof]u k'u]sf] 5 .  
 
#= g]kfnsf * lhNnfx?df s[lif h}ljs ljljwtfsf] lbuf] oyf:yfgLo Joj:yfkgsf nflu ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t h}ljs ljljwtf Joj:yfkg k4lt cjnDjg u/L ;d'bfosf] ;zlQms/0f ug]{ sfo{x? eO{/x]sf 5g\ . jflif{s ?kdf !%)) ;fgf s[ifsx?sf] cfocfh{gsf nflu afv|fkfng, a+u'/kfng, df}/Lkfng, Rofp v]tL, t/sf/L v]tL h:tf lqmofsnfkx?df ;+nUg x'g] u/]sf 5g\  . :yfgLo hftsf afnLx?sf] lbuf] ;+/If0f tyf s[ifs ;d"xx?sf] lbuf]kgfsf nflu s[ifs ;d"xx?n] g} ;~rfng ug]{ u/L !^ j6f uf=lj=;= tyf # j6f gu/ If]qsf ufFpx?df ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Joj:yfkg sf]if :yfkgf ul/Psf] 5 . oL ;a} sf]ifdf ePsf] xfn;Ddsf] /sd hf]8\bf ! s/f]8sf] xf/fxf/L k'U5 . o; sf]ifaf6 jflif{s ¿kdf nueu @ xhf/ s[ifsx?n] dfl;s ;os8f ! k|ltzt Jofhb/df cfod"ns lqmosnfkx? ;~rfngsf nflu C0f lng] u/]sf 5g\  . o;af6 klg ;fgf s[ifsx?sf] hLjg:t/ ;'wf/df pNn]vgLo of]ubfg k'u]sf] 5 . a9\bf] /f;folgs dn tyf ljiffbLsf] k|of]uaf6  jftfj/0f tyf dfgj :j:Yodf kl//x]sf] gsf/fTds c;/ sd ug{sf nflu 3/]n' h}ljs ljiffbL, sDkf]i6 vf8n ;'wf/, u8\of}nf dn, xl/of]dn k|jw{g cflb sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng eO{/x]sf 5g\  . oL lqmofsnfkx?af6 jflif{s ¿kdf ())  s[ifsx? nfeflGjt eO{/x]sf 5g\ .

$= g]kfndf s[lif cg';Gwfg tyf ljsf;sf sfo{qmdx?df k|fyldstfdf kg{ g;s]sf t/ vfB ;'/Iffsf] lx;fan] dxTjk"0f{ afnLx? h:t}M sf]bf], n6\6], kmfk/, d:ofª, lk+8fn', hf}, pjf, sfu'gf], lrgf], uxt, l;dL cflbsf] cg';Gwfg tyf k| j4{gdf nL–a8{n] ljz]if hf]8 lbO{/x]sf] 5 . o; aif{ sf]bf]sf] k|of]unfO{ cGg / lk7f]sf ¿kdf dfq ;Lldt /xg glbO{ cem Aofks agfpg d"No clej[l4 u/L g]kfnsf !) j6f ;/sf/L tyf gLlh ljBfnox?df lbjf vfhf sfo{qmd cGtu{t sf]bf]sf kl/sf/x? v'jfOPsf] 5 . 

%= jgdf cfwfl/t pBdLx?sf] lbuf] Joa:yfkgaf6 ljkGg ;d'bfosf] lhljsf]kfh{gdf ;'wf/ Nofpg gLlh If]qsf] ;xeflutfnfO{ ;lqmo u/fpg ax';/f]sf/jfnf jg sfo{qmd dfkm{t ;f+lu|nf ljsf; a}+s;Fusf] ;fem]bf/Ldf d"No >F[vnf ljsf; sf]if
(Value Chain Development Fund) sf] :yfkgf ul/Psf] 5 . To;}u/L ;d'bfosf] hnjfo' cg's'ngtfsf] nflu lhNnf :t/Lo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fusf] ;fem]bf/Ldf afun'ª, kj{t / DofUbLdf lhNnf jg ;dGjo ;ldltsf] g]t[ Tjdf lhNnf :t/Lo hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's'ng sf]if (Climate Change Adaptation Fund) sf] :yfkgf ul/Psf] 5 .

^= hnfwf/sf] Plss[t Joj:yfkgsf nflu ;d'bfosf] ;lqmo ;xeflutfaf6 hnfwf/sf] pkNnf] If]qdf a;f]jf; ug]{ ;d'bfo / tNnf] If]qdf a;f]jf; ug]{ ;d'bfosf aLrdf ;'dw'/ ;DaGw :yfkg ub}{ kof{j/0fLo ;]jfx?sf] lbuf] Joj:yfkg / Jofkf/df ?kftfn hnfwf/df k|df0fLt ul/Psf] kof{j/0fLo ;]jf z'Ns k4lt / o;sf l;sfOnfO{ a]ugf; tfn hnfwf/df ckgfpg] sfo{qmd n]vgfy gu/kflnsf / n]vgfy pBf]u jfl0fHo ;ª\3;Fusf] ;xsfo{df yfngL ul/Psf] 5 . To;}u/L ?kf hnfwf/ If]qsf] l;sfOx?nfO{ g]kfnsf cGo ;ª\3–;+:yfx?n] cg';/0f ub}{ cfPsf 5g\  eg] /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o ;ª\3–;+:yfx?sf nflu of] If]q l;sfO{sf] ynf]sf ?kdf ljsf; x'Fb}5 .

&= g]kfn ;/sf/;Fusf] ;xsfo{df nL–a8{n] …s[lif h}ljs ljljwtf gLltsf nflu /fli6«o ;dGjo ;ldltÚ sf] ;b:osf ?kdf …g]kfn s[lif h}ljs ljljwtf gLlt @)^#Ú sf] k'g/fjnf]sg ul/ hnjfo' cg's'ng / ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t h}ljs ljljwtf Joj:yfkgsf k4ltx? ;dfof]hg ug{ kxn u/]sf] 5 . ;fy} vfB tyf s[lifsf nflu jfg:klts cfg'af+lzs >f]tx?sf] cGt/f{li6«o ;lGw cGtu{t g]kfnaf6 cg';"rL ! sf nflu afnLsf hftx? klxrfg ug{sf nflu g]kfn s[lif cg';Gwfg kl/ifb / s[lif ljsf; dGqfno ;lDdlnt ;d'x dfkm[t of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf] 5 .

*= ;d'bfosf] hnjfo' cg's'ngsf nflu o; aif{ nL–a8{n] ax';/f]sf/jfnf jg sfo{qmd / xl/of] jg sfo{qmd cGtu{t #!^ j6f ;fd'bflos jg :t/Lo :yfgLo cg's'ng sfo{of]hgf
(CAPA) / g]kfn hnjfo' kl/jt{g ;xof]u sfo{qmd / s]P/ g]kfnsf] vfB clwsf/ sfo{qmd cGtu{t !@ j6f uf=lj=;= :t/Lo :yfgLo cg's'ng sfo{of]hgf (LAPA) th'{df u/]sf] 5 . To;} u/L /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o :t/df hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's'ngsf d'2fnfO{ ;an?kdf k'¥ofpgsf nflu …cf7f}+  ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t hnjfo' cg's'ng ;Dd]ng (CBA8)Ú g]kfndf ;DkGg ug{sf nflu nL–a8{n] dxTjk"0f{  e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf]  lyof] .
 
cGtdf nL–a8{ cfˆgf] @) cf}+ aflif{sf]T;j tyf ;fwf/0f ;efsf] cj;/df cfˆgf nlIft ;d"x, ls;fg ;d'bfo, ;fem]bf/ ;ª\3–;+:yf, bft[ lgsfo, ;/sf/L tyf u}/;/sf/L lgsfo, ;~rf/ u[x, sd{rf/L ;a}nfO{ ;xof]usf nflu xflb{s s[t1tf 1fkg ub{5 . oxfFx?sf] ;fy lg/Gt/ /lx /xg] s'/fdf nL–a8{ ljZj:t 5 .

 



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