Mahesh Shrestha/LI-BIRD

Earthquake 2015: Relief and Rebuilding Plan

Posted on: 5/22/2015

Check this space for latest updates on our response on the ground.

Life After the Earthquake in Thumka: a photo story (22 June 2015) - 5.50 MB

Situation Report #5 (18 May 2015)

Relief Operations Report (in Nepali)  

Situation Report #4 (06 May 2015)

Situation Report #3 (03 May 2015)

Situation Report #2 (01 May 2015)

Situation Report #1 (29 April 2015)

Original Post: 30 April 2015.

Updated On: 01, 04, 06, 12, 14, 15, 19 May, 04 and 22 June 2015.

Nepal Earthquake 2015

A 7.6 ML magnitude earthquake of 25 April 2015, followed by more than 270 aftershocks, has destroyed more than 191,000 houses and damaged 175,000 more. More than 8400 people have been confirmed dead and over 20,000 have been injured. On 12 May, 3 major aftershocks with epicentres in Dolakha increased the death toll and damages.

LI-BIRD's Response Plan

Our response to the Nepal Earthquake 2015 will now be delivered in three phases: i) livelihood provisioning, ii) livelihood protection, and iii) livelihood promotion.

Phase 1: Livelihood Provisioning

The first phase of livelihood provisioning is focused on providing immediate relief to the affected families. This phase is going to last between 3 to 4 weeks and we will be involved in providing food, shelter and other essential life saving needs of the households affected by the earthquake. For our immediate relief work, in addition to LI-BIRD’s institutional cash and in-kind contribution, we have received voluntary cash donations from 91 staff, 32 members (founder, board and general), 64 individual donors and business partners, and institutional donations from USC Canada and The Development Fund (Norway). We have mobilized 65 LI-BIRD staffs, 3 Executive Board members, 18 volunteers and our partners for this relief operation.

Phase 2: Livelihood Protection

This phase will begin a month after the earthquake hit and will focus on preserving and building the resource base of affected households. Interventions will be carried out to protect the affected households' livelihood systems and prevent further deterioration as well as replacing or rebuilding of productive assets. This phase will last for a year and will include tangible support such as high quality seeds, tools and equipment (with focus on labour saving tools, especially for women farmers) for strengthening agriculture, low cost housing combined with water, sanitation and hygiene, small livestock, plantations, repair of irrigation systems, water supplies, soil replenishment techniques, etc. The community will be in need for both basic infrastructure and food during the year. This phase will include "food for work" programme in partnership with the UN World Food Programme to help the community rebuild local infrastructure and earn their food for the first year. Utmost care will be taken to ensure that the “food for work” programme will not distort the local farm economy in the subsequent years. We are currently working with USC Canada, The Development Fund (Norway), The University of GuelphBioversity International and The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation to strategize effectively for phase 2 of our relief and rebuilding operations.

Phase 3: Livelihood Promotion

By the third phase, research and development work in the affected areas is expected to proceed in a near to normal fashion. Interventions will focus on diversifying livelihoods options, creating alternative income generating activities, and providing financial services in terms of loans and insurances to strengthen local markets and support a thriving rural economy. The purpose of livelihood promotion is to build resilient households and communities.

Updates on LI-BIRD's Field Response

When the aftershocks of 12 May hit, eight of our staff were involved in relief operations in Sindhupalchok and two more were traveling from Jugu, Dolakha to assist the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation’s (SDC) relief efforts in Ramechhap. The aftershocks, with the epicentres, in Dolakha disrupted the ongoing relief efforts and flattened most of the remaining structures in the district. In Karthali of Sindhupalchok, the relief truck we hired for transport and distribution was covered by the debris of the collapsed structures. Luckily none of our staff were harmed and the relief operations were carried out on 13 May. The two colleagues that were heading to Ramechhap as well as colleagues from SDC were airlifted from the Singati, Dolakha thanks to the arrangements by the Swiss Embassy. We are pleased to inform that all of our staff are safe, however, staff from Dolakha, Ramechhap, and Sindhupalchok remain in a state of shock and bring tales of terrifying scenes. One of the hardest experiences for them was seeing the people they were just conversing with die or sustain injuries in a matter of moments due to the 12 May aftershocks.

As of 14 May 2015, 8523 households in 18 VDCs of 8 districts have been supported with immediate relief materials (Table 1). A summary report of our relief efforts was presented at the District Administration of Kaski on 15 May 2015. Our partners EX-PAC Forum, Parivartan Nepal and SAHAS Nepal have led the relief efforts in Kavrepalanchok, Makwanpur and Rasuwa respectively, while our staff have been working on the ground in the other districts.

A 13-member team including 12 volunteer engineers were deployed on a 4-day mission in Purkot to assess damages to the standing houses. This team used a standard post-disaster damage assessment methodology to rate the inspected houses as a) Inspected and Safe, b) Restricted Use and c) Unsafe. They inspected 1847 houses and rated 367 as completely damaged, 907 as sustaining medium damage and 573 to be in normal condition. While a draft report has been prepared, analysis is going on to provide the ratings of safe, restricted use and unsafe among the standing structures. The report prepared will be helpful for the VDC and the DDC for rehabilitation of the affected communities.

Response to Aftershocks of 12 May 2015

Following the aftershocks of 12 May that killed more than 140 people and injured additional 3100, especially in rural areas, we have decided to extend our relief operations. NPR 10,212,100 has been planned for this extended relief with NPR 3,700,000 being used in the relief operations led by our partners Parivartan Nepal, SAHAS Nepal, EX-PAC and CDAFN. The remaining relief work will be directly carried out by LI-BIRD and at this stage relief will focus on provisioning of food staples as well as additional shelter where needed.

Our relief and rebuilding operations have been generously supported by LI-BIRD’s staff, members, friends, family members and well-wishers, business partners, and international donors (Table 2). The affected communities, local partners and stakeholders and LI-BIRD will remain eternally grateful for this show of support.

How to Help

If you would like to join us in our efforts, either for providing immediate relief through personal donations or for the rebuiling phase, please contact us at the following nodes.

  • Balaram Thapa, PhD, Executive Director. +977 98560 28956
  • Ram Bahadur Rana, PhD, Director of Programme Operations. +977 98511 03428
  • Pashupati Chaudhary, PhD, Director of Programme Development. +977 98560 20361